Visit and get acquainted with Kaunas and its surroundings!
During this tour we will visit the open-air museum – the Lithuanian Folk Museum – on the shore of Kaunas Lagoon. It is the largest and most famous museum of its kind in Lithuania, one of the largest in terms of the occupied area, the number of exhibited real estate buildings, 149 of them here and the largest number of exhibits in Europe, as many as 91,420. The museum commemorates the period of the 18th-20th centuries in Lithuanian villages and towns. It invites visitors to get acquainted with reduced Lithuania, where all the country’s ethnographic regions are located: Dzūkija, Aukštaitija, Suvalkija, Žemaitija and Lithuania Minor. There are barns, firewood, mills, fences, wells, folk architecture and ancient agricultural implements. On the 6 km road there are homesteads of all 4 ethnographic regions of Lithuania, individual buildings, various workshops, monuments of folk equipment, even the center of the town. The museum organizes traditional Lithuanian holidays. After visiting this museum, it will appear that the whole of Lithuania has been visited.
On the shore of Kaunas man-made Lagoon the ensemble of Pažaislis Church and Monastery established in 17th century. It is one of the finest masterpieces of mature Baroque architecture in North-Eastern Europe. At that time in a remote forest. The 17th Chancellor of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Kristupas Žygimantas Pacas built it for the Camaldolese monks. The ensemble, designed by Italian architect Giovanni Batista Fredianio, decorated with moldings by Lombardy sculptors and frescoes by Florentine painter Michael Archangel Palonis, has survived in an ensemble of about 140 different sizes. The uniqueness of the ensemble is determined by a unique architectural solution. For the first time in Europe, a concave plane of the church facade, a rather rare hexagonal plan, an axially symmetrical composition of the whole monastery were used. Pažaislis became famous not only for the devout life of the Camaldolese or the artistic buildings of the monastery. The pilgrims gathered to the indulgent crowds by the Blessed Virgin, who was especially gracious and donated to the hermits of the founder on July 2 each year an image of Mary, popularly known as the “Mother of God of the Camaldolese.” We will see all this and more when visiting there.
We will start our acquaintance with the city of Kaunas by visiting one of the symbols of the city and the surviving oldest building in the city reminiscent of the 14th century – Kaunas Castle. The castle, which arose at the confluence of the Nemunas and Neris rivers, was one of the most important castles in the territory of Lithuania, and a settlement was built around this castle, which grew into the present city. It was rebuilt several times, the castle lost its significance in 1408, when Kaunas was granted the rights of Magdeburg, and the whole life of the city moved to the then Market (Town Hall) Square.
We also travel to Town Hall Square. Kaunas City Hall is a magnificent building filled with the spirit of Gothic, Baroque and Early Classicism, and in its main façade a tall tower, like a swan’s neck, stands because of their shapes and colors, the Town Hall is often called the “white swan”. Its 53 m high tower is the tallest in the Old Town.
We will see Perkūnas house – it is one of the most impressive Gothic style residential houses in Lithuania with an original facade, which uses as many as 20 bricks of different profiles. It is believed that the house was built in the 15th century. It is famous not only for stories about merchants from the Hanseatic League, A statue of the god Thunder was found in the wall, which determined the name of this building.
We will also visit theArchcathedral Basilica named of the Apostles Peter and Paul the only Gothic basilica-style church and the largest Gothic sacral-type building in Lithuania. Although built in the 15th century, it has been reconstructed many times and has acquired features of the Renaissance, Baroque, Classicism, Neo-Gothic and Neo-Baroque styles. The cathedral has nine altars, the most recent of which is the relics and painting of Pope John Paul II.
When visiting Kaunas, it is necessary to strole on the most important street of Kaunas city one of the longest pedestrian streets in Europe. The length of the street is almost 1.7 km, and the layout accurately shows the east and west directions. Walking along Laisvės Alley, you have a unique opportunity to get acquainted with the exclusive and rich legacy of Kaunas interwar modernist architecture, which is a reflection of the intelligentsia, industry, government and diplomatic institutions that once were here.
We will also take a ridein Kaunas by the interwar period, equipped one of the symbols of this city the Žaliakalnis funicular. It is one of the oldest operating lifts in Europe since 1931.
We will end the unforgettable day by admiring the unique views of the city from the observation deck of Kaunas Christ the Resurrection Basilica.